Current Issues on Zika Virus Disease: The Nigeria Perspective
- By Benjamin Daye Dappa, Ukamaka Chinelo Ogbonnaya - 16 Apr 2023
- Current Research in Health Sciences, Volume: 1(2023), Issue: 1(January-June), Pages: 29 - 36
- Received: March 19, 2023; Accepted: April 10, 2023; Published: April 16, 2023
Zika virus sickness causes a mild fever, rash, headache, arthralgia, myalgia, asthenia, and non-purulent conjunctivitis, and symptoms appear two to seven days after contact with an infected mosquito. The zika virus is what causes the zika virus sickness, or just zika. Seldom do symptoms appear, and when they do, they could be comparable to dengue fever symptoms. Possible symptoms include maculopapular rash, fever, red eyes, joint pain, headaches, and a likely duration of about 2 days. Possible adverse effects include rashes, fever, conjunctivitis, aching muscles and joints, general malaise, and headaches. Zika virus infection has also been strongly linked to Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), which is characterised by rapidly developing muscle weakness brought on by immune system injury to the peripheral nerve system. Most often, Aedes mosquitoes, particularly Aedes aegypti in tropical areas, spread the disease. Based on the typical symptoms, a wide differential diagnosis can be made for zika virus infection. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) screening enables a more accurate diagnosis. Although there is now no vaccination available, staying inside and avoiding mosquito bites will help you avoid a lot of diseases. Despite the rarity of occurrences of Zika virus sickness in the most populous nation in Africa, it is crucial to increase public knowledge in order to avoid any potential health issues.
Keywords: zika, virus, illness, fever, symptoms, outbreak.